Castlelaw Hillfort, part of SRUC farmland in the Pentlands

Farming and archaeology

People have been living in Scotland for over 10,000 years and farming for 6,000 years. Remains of their settlements, fields and environment can be found across the countryside.  As managers of over 75% of rural Scotland, farmers have a crucial role in caring for this heritage for future generations.

Archaeology Scotland has produced specialist advice to farmers on both Identifying and Managing archaeological sites and historic landscapes.

The Identification page includes two Identification Guides, 34 Farming and Archaeology Advice Notes and seven Case Studies to show the value of archaeology and history in helping us to understand how the modern landscape has been formed.

The Management page includes links to best practice guidance and examples from across the UK on 20 topics including access, bracken, burrowing animals, and pasture.

See also our Rural Policy section for links to current government policy dealing with farming and the historic environment.