Farmers, foresters and other land managers are supported financially by both the Scottish Government and the EU.
Payments for farmers who had previously been receiving subsidy in the period 2007-2014, as well as some scope for new entrants. This accounts for ca. 85% of all EU & Scottish Government funding under the CAP (Common Agricultural Policy). This totals c£650m per annum. Payments are partly conditional on following cross compliance regulations, known as GAEC, that provide protection to Scheduled Monuments as well as other landscape features inclduing dykes, copses, and ponds. Further details can be seen here.
This programme operating from 2015 -2020 is now being rolled out. Current information can be viewed at https://www.rural.payments.org This includes –
Agri-Environment Climate Scheme – in contrast to similar earlier schemes there are only limited options for heritage site. It is available for Scheduled Monuments only as a secondary outcome. The next application window will be in 2016.
Environmental Co-operation Action Scheme – only limited opportunities for heritage are currently being proposed. The scheme opens in August 2015.
Payments for maintaining livestock in upland areas, currently covering c85% of Scottish farm land. Though cross compliance regulations under LFASS from 2007 ncluded the protection of all archaeological and historic sites, this has now been dropped because of problems in verifying compliance. Only available to farmers.
Forestry funding is managed directly by Forestry Commission Scotland under the SRDP through the Forestry Grant Scheme and includes options for public benefits such as funding for public access as well as for management plans, woodland creation and more conventional forestry activities.